Princeton University Library Catalog
- Businelli, Nicole M. [Browse]
- Senior thesis
- Princeton University. Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering [Browse]
- Class year:
- 60 pages
- Restrictions note:
- Walk-in Access. This thesis can only be viewed on computer terminals at the Mudd Manuscript Library.
- Summary note:
- Rapid population growth and rising temperatures in the Southwest United States in
recent decades have strained regional power and water supply. Renewable energy
technologies that can tap into the area’s abundant solar resources are being explored
to sustainably meet this demand. Concentrated solar power (CSP) has large-scale
power generation capabilities and the potential for integration with desalination
processes, such as multi-effect distillation (MED), to produce both power and water.
A project by Observatoire Méditerranéen de l’Energie in 2010 proposed a design for a
CSP-MED plant for the East Mediterranean and North African region. This paper
provides a technical evaluation of the CSP-MED design, using a plant simulated
with Aspen Plus software, to assess its viability for the Southwest United States. A
tradeoff in power to water production was established that reveals that the
desalination of water via the Observatoire Méditerranéen de l’Energie configuration
comes at too high a cost in power reduction of the plant. An alternate CSP-MED
configuration is suggested that can desalinate water by MED without reducing net
power output and may be a more viable option that warrants further investigation.