Officially Indian : symbols that define the United States / Cécile R. Ganteaume ; foreword by Colin G. Calloway ; afterword by Paul Chaat Smith.

Ganteaume, Cécile R. [Browse]
First edition.
  • Washington, DC : National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, 2017.
  • ©2017
184 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm


Author of foreword
Author of afterword, colophon, etc
  • Exhibition catalogs
  • History
  • Illustrated works
Summary note
From maps, monuments, and architectural features to stamps and currency, images of Native Americans have been used again and again on visual expressions of American national identity since before the country's founding. In this in-depth study, Cécile R. Ganteaume argues that these representations are not empty symbols but reflect how official and semi-official government institutions -- from the U.S. Army and the Department of the Treasury to the patriotic fraternal society Sons of Liberty -- have attempted to define what the country stands for. Seen collectively and studied in detail, American Indian imagery on a wide range of emblems -- almost invariably distorted and bearing little relation to the reality of Native American-U.S. government relations -- sheds light on the United States' evolving sense of itself as a democratic nation. Generation after generation, Americans have needed to define anew their relationship with American Indians, whose lands they usurped and whom they long regarded as fundamentally different from themselves. Such images as a Plains Indian buffalo hunter on the 1898 four-cent stamp and Sequoyah's likeness etched into glass doors at the Library of Congress in 2013 reveal how deeply rooted American Indians are in U.S. national identity. While the meanings embedded in these artifacts can be paradoxical, counterintuitive, and contradictory to their eras' prevailing attitudes toward actual American Indians, Ganteaume shows how the imagery has been crucial to the ongoing national debate over what it means to be an American.
"Published in conjunction with the exhibition Americans, opening at the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC, in October 2017"--Title page verso.
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Foreword / Colin G. Calloway -- Introduction: The world's oldest enduring republic -- Essays -- Tupinambas of coastal Brazil, 1505 -- Title pages in America, 1592 -- Allegory of America, 1662 -- Amerique septentrionale divisee en ses principales parties, 1674 -- Novi Belgii Novaque Anglia nec non partis Virginia tabula in locis emendata, 1685 -- Rolls's best Virginia tobacco advertisement, 1700s -- A new map of the whole world with the trade winds according to ye latest and most exact observations, 1732 -- A view of the obelisk erected under liberty-tree in Boston on the rejoicings for the repeal of the Stamp Act, 1766 -- Liberty triumphant, or, The downfall of oppression, 1774 -- Vignette for Royal American magazine, 1774 -- Design proposal for the Great Seal of the United States, 1780 -- A new map of North America with the West India islands : divided according to the preliminary articles of peace, signed at Versailles, 20, Jan. 1783 -- Daniel Morgan Congressional Gold Medal, 1790 -- U.S. Diplomatic Medal for Peace and Commerce, 1792 -- George Washington Peace Medal, 1792 -- William Penn's Treaty with the Indians, 1682, 1827 -- Baptism of Pocahontas, 1839 -- Cover of historical and statistical information respecting the history, condition, and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States, 1851-57 -- Three-dollar gold coin, 1854-89 -- Fourth Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, Company E, Powhatan Troop flag, 1860-61 -- Hiawatha Boat centerpiece, 1871 -- Improved order of Red Men membership certificate, ca. 1889 -- Monument to 42nd New York Volunteer Infantry, "Tammany" Regiment, 1891 -- Four-cent Indian Hunting buffalo stamp, 1898 -- The continents : America, 1903-07 -- Indian chiefs headed by Geronimo, passing in review before President Roosevelt, Inauguration Day, 1905 -- Indian-head half-eagle gold coin, 1909 -- Dumbarton Bridge Kicking Bear sculpture, 1915 -- Indian-head insignia used on Lafayette Escadrille biplanes, 1917 -- World War I U.S. Marine Corps uniform items with Indian-head-and-star insignia, 1918-19 -- Hollow Horn Bear fourteen-cent stamp, 1923 -- President Calvin Coolidge wears an eagle-feather headdress, 1927 -- President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inducted into the Boy Scouts Order of the Arrow, 1933 -- Indian head nickel, 1935 -- Pioneers in Kansas, 1935 -- Breaking camp during wartime, 1938 -- Golden Gate International Exposition poster, 1939 -- U.S. Marine Corps War memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial), 1954 -- MK 16 Zuni folding-fin aircraft rocket, 1957 -- Vice President Richard M. Nixon and former chairman of the Three Affiliated Tribes Carl Whitman Jr., 1960 -- Unity, 1966 -- AH-64 Apache helicopter, 1984 -- Jim Thorpe thirty-two-cent stamp, 1998 -- Sacagawea one-dollar coin, 2000 -- U.S. Congressional Gold Medals, Code Talkers Recognition Act of 2008, 2013 -- Sequoyah, 2013 -- Afterword / Paul Chaat Smith.
  • 9781517903305 ((hardcover ; : alkaline paper))
  • 1517903300 ((hardcover ; : alkaline paper))
Other standard number
  • 99978533411
C - S