The produce contamination problem : causes and solutions / edited by Gerald M. Sapers, Ethan B. Solomon and Karl R. Matthews.

Amsterdam ; Boston : Academic Press, ©2009.
1 online resource


Summary note
This book is organized into five sections beginning with an introduction in which the problem is described in terms of the number and size of produce related outbreaks, the commodities involved, and the human pathogens involved. The introduction also documents the failure of conventional sanitizing treatments to assure microbiological safety examining the problems of microbial attachment. The second section reviews methods of identifying a contamination source (epidemiology, trace back, strain identification, location of Source) and then focuses on the various sources of microbial contamination (water, manure, airborne dust, wildlife, human activity) and where in the crop production sequence they might result in contamination. In the third section, some of the commodities associated with major outbreaks (leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cantaloupes, apples, berries, sprouts) are examined to determine what characteristics make them especially vulnerable to contamination. The fourth section then addresses means of avoiding produce contamination through use of Good Agricultural Practices and recommendations in FDA and industry guidance documents. Regulatory actions (recalls, restrictions on imports) to safeguard the public from potentially hazardous products are described. Coverage includes policy and practices in the US, Mexico and Central America, Europe and Japan. The fifth section examines current technologies for reducing human pathogens in fresh produce including disinfection, rapid methods for detecting contaminants, irradiation, gas-phase application and best practices acceptable to organic growers, packers and processors.
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Source of description
Description based on print version record.
  • Scope of the Produce Contamination Problem / Gerald Sapers and Michael Doyle
  • Microbial Attachment and Limitations of Decontamination Methodologies / Ethan B. Solomon and Manan Sharma
  • Identification of the Source of Contamination / Jeff Farrar and Jack Guzewich
  • Manure Management / Patricia D. Millner
  • Water Quality / Charles P. Gerba and Christopher Y. Choi
  • Sapro-Zoonotic Risks Posed by Wild Birds in Agricultural Landscapes / Larry Clark
  • Produce Contamination by other Wildlife / Daniel Rice and Thomas E. Besser
  • Leafy Vegetables / Karl R. Matthews
  • Melons / Alejandro Castillo, Miguel A. Martinez-Téllez, and M. Ofelia Rodriguez-Garcia
  • Raw Tomatoes and Salmonella / Jerry A. Bartz
  • Tree fruits and Nuts: Outbreaks, Contamination Sources, Prevention and Remediation / Susanne E. Keller
  • Berry Contamination: Outbreaks and Contamination Issues / Kalmia E. Kniel and Adrienne E.H. Shearer
  • Produce contamination issues in Mexico and Central America / Jorge H. Siller-Cepeda, Cristobal Chaidez-Quiroz, and Nohelia Castro-del Campo
  • Regulatory Issues in Europe Regarding Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Safety / Gro S. Johannessen and Kofitsyo S. Cudjoe
  • Regulatory Issues in Japan Regarding Produce Safety / Kenji Isshiki, Md. Latiful Bari, Takeo Shiina, and. Shinichi Kawamoto
  • Disinfection of Contaminated Produce with Conventional Washing and Sanitizing Technology / Gerald M. Sapers
  • Advanced Technologies for Detection and Elimination of Pathogens / Brendan Niemira and Howard Q. Zhang
  • Conclusions and Recommendations / Douglas Powell, Casey J. Jacob, and Benjamin J. Chapman.
  • 0080921116 ((electronic bk.))
  • 9780080921112 ((electronic bk.))
  • 1282168592
  • 9781282168596
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