Congressional campaign study, 1978 [electronic resource].

Goldenberg, Edie N. [Browse]
Data file
Ann Arbor, MI : Inter-university for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1985.
Extent of collection: 4 data files + SPSS control cards.


Restrictions note
Use of these data is restricted to Princeton University students, faculty, and staff for non-commercial statistical analysis and research purposes only.
Summary note
The focus of this study is campaigns waged for election to the United States House of Representatives. A national sample of congressional districts in the continental United States in 1978 was chosen for investigation. The districts selected were those in which contested races were conducted for seats in the 96th Congress and in which interviewing for the American National Election Study of 1978 had occurred. The collection includes information obtained from personal interviews with the candidates' campaign managers, content analysis of newspapers in the districts, campaign expenditure data, and information about each district's makeup, history and recent electoral results. Four files comprise the collection. The first contains information acquired from interviews with the campaign managers of major party candidates in the 86 contested races. These interviews, conducted both before and after the election, focused on the development and implementation of campaign strategy and resource allocation. In this file the candidacy is the unit of analysis, with matching information contained in each data record for the 167 candidates and their opponents. Included is information on perceptions of campaign issues, tactics, fund-raising and expenditures, and events that affected the outcome of the race. A second file contains information identical to that in the first but analyzes 86 campaigns and is organized at the district level. Presented in each record is a series of variables for the Democratic campaign, followed by the same variables reported for the Republican campaign. The third file in the collection includes information about newspaper coverage of the congressional races obtained from news stories, opinion columns, editorials, letters to the editor, and advertisements in 33 different newspapers whose coverage included the districts that comprised this study. A total of 833 separate items appeared in these newspapers during alternate weeks of the campaign (October 3-November 6, 1978). The fourth file contains detailed reports of each discrete expenditure made by each of the 167 campaigns, as submitted to the Federal Election Commission. For each of the 21,913 reported expenditures in this file, information is recorded on the date, and the amount and purpose of the expenditure, as well as classification of campaign type (general or primary election) for which each expenditure was made.
  • Codebook available in print and electronic format.
  • Title from title screen (viewed on December 21, 2007).
Type of data
Extent of collection: 4 data files + SPSS control cards.
Time and place of event
  • Date(s) of collection: 1978.
  • Time period: 1978.
Geographic coverage
Geographic coverage: United States.
Funding information
  • Funding qgency: National Science Foundation.
  • Grant number: SOC-78-18710.
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web.
  • Data format: OSIRIS and card image, with SPSS control cards for each.
Methodology note
  • Data source: personal interviews, newspaper articles, advertisements, and campaign expenditure reports submitted to the U.S. Federal Election Commission.
  • Sample: representative national sample of contested races in the United States House of Representatives in 1978.
  • Universe: election campaigns for the United States House of Representatives.
Cite as
Goldenberg, Edie N., and Michael W. Traugott. CONGRESSIONAL CAMPAIGN STUDY, 1978 [Computer file]. Compiled by Edie N. Goldenberg and Michael W. Traugott, University of Michigan. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1985.
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