Livingston semi-annual survey, conducted June 1988 [electronic resource] / [Joseph Livingston].

Livingston, Joseph [Browse]
Data file
[Philadelphia, PA : Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, 1988].


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Restrictions note
Use of these data is restricted to Princeton University students, faculty, and staff for non-commercial statistical analysis and research purposes only.
Summary note
Every June and December since 1946, Joseph Livingston of the Philadelphia Inquirer and syndicated columnist has published a summary of his latest survey of economic forecasters. These results represent the average of the surveyed economists' responses to Livingston's one page questionnaire which asks for their predictions on certain national economic variables, such as consumer and wholesale prices, national output, unemployment rate, non-farm housing starts, and national security program expenditures. Not every variable was predicted over every horizon on every survey. The June surveys requested forecasts for full year data for the current and following years. They also requested six-month ahead forecasts. These data contain the individual respondents' forecast of each survey's variables kept by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. Each record corresponds to an observation of an economist's completed questionnaire for a specific survey. Many economists of diverse backgrounds have participated in the Livingston Surveys.
  • Data accessible via the Data and Statistical Services (DSS) website.
  • Title from Princeton University's Data and Statistical Services website (viewed on November 11, 2011).
System details
Mode of access: Internet.
Information about documentation
Accompanied by a printed codebook.
Also known as
  • Survey of economic forcasters, June 1988
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