الايضاح ... [الخ]

al-Īḍāḥ ... [etc.]

Format
  • Manuscript, Book
Language
Arabic
Published/​Created
Rabīʻ al-Ākhar 745-1 Shaʻbān 762 [August/September 1344-June 14, 1361]
Description
i, 219, i leaves : paper ; 245 x 170 (145 x 110) mm bound to 245 x 175 mm

Details

Subject(s)
Donor
Related name
Rare books genre
Contains
Summary note
Treatise on rhetoric (ʻilm al-balāgha), based on the author's epitome Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ, to which this present work is like a commentary, with material from Miftāḥ al-ʻulūm [by al-Sakkākī] and Dalāʼil al-iʻjāz and Asrār al-balāghah by ʻAbd al-Qāhir al-Jurjānī (preamble, fol. 2b). The text is followed on fol. 213b-218a by a gloss by ʻUbayd Allāh ibn Masʻūd ibn Tāj al-Sharīʻah, entitled Ajwibat iʻtirāḍāt fī al-Talkhīṣ wa-al-Īḍāḥ ʻalá Sāḥib al-Miftāḥ, apparently written by the same hand. It is preceded on fol. 1b-2a by a short text written by a later hand on the definition of "al-ḥaqīqah", with an interlinear and marginal gloss.
Notes
  • Ms. composite codex.
  • Title from preamble (fol. 2b, l. 3).
  • Marginal and interlinear annotations, apparently by the same hand as the main text. Several small slips of paper with annotations inserted between folios. Fol. 1 and 219 are later additions in European paper with watermark, with inscriptions, including verses of poetry and short definitions. Fol. 2 consists of a leaf of similar paper pasted on the recto of an original folio. Fol. 218 consists of a leaf of similar paper pasted on the verso of an original fol. Inscriptions by another hand on fol. 218a, including the verses "raqqa al-zujāj wa-raqqat al-khamr ... ". On fol. 1b-2a, short text, apparently in the same hand as the inscriptions on fol. 1a, 218a and 219b. Inscription "450" in black ink, using Western numerals, on the pastedown of the upper cover (corresponds to Brill's list ; see Houtsma, M. Th. Catalogue d'une collection de manuscrits arabes et turcs, no. 432).
  • Collation: paper, fol. i, 219, i ; i (free endpaper) 1⁸ (+1, before the first fol. of the quire, in European paper with inscriptions ; -1, original fist fol. of the quire) 2-26⁸ 27⁸ (+1 ; +1 European paper) i (free endpaper) ; the quires are numbered using Arabic numerals in the form "al-thālith" (see fol. 17a) ; modern foliation in pencil using Western numerals.
  • Layout: 15-34 lines per page.
  • Description: Written in casual thick taʻlīq or casual small thick naskh in black ink ; reference marks, overlining, re-inking and text-stops (teardrops, in groups of three) in red ink.
  • Paper: Thick soft cream paper, glossy, with laid and chain lines and pulp visible.
  • Origin: [Īḍāḥ] Copy completed in Baldat Qar/z--? [Hitti reads Quraym] by Ibrāhīm ibn Yūsuf on Yawm al-Jumʻah 1 ("fī ghurrah") Shaʻbān 762 [June 1361] (colophon, fol. 213a). Statement on the margin of the colophon, indicating that this book was read in front of ʻAlā al-Dīn al-Sukhūmī, dated Qar/z--, on a Thursday at the end of Jumādá al-Ākhar 763 [April 1362] -- [Ajwibat] copy completed at the end of Rabīʻ al-Ākhar 745 [Sept. 1344] in Bukhārā (end of text, fol. 218a).
  • Incipit (fol. 1b): واعلم انّ القول بتعريف الحقيقة باللام واستعرافها مشكل -- [الايضاح] الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلوته على سيدنا محمد وآله اجمعين اما بعد فهذا كتاب فى علم البلاغة وتوابعها ترجمته بالايضاح وجعلته على مختصرى الذى سميته تلخيص المفتاح وبسطت فيه ... مقدمة فى الكشف عن معنى الفصاحة والبلاغة وانحصار علم البلاغة فى علمى المعانى والبيان -- [اجوبة] قال صاحب المفتاح علم المعانى هو تتبع خواص تراكيب الكلام ... فقال صاحب الايضاح وفيه نظر اذ التتبع ليس بعلم ولا صادق عليه ... اقول التتبع هو الاتباع بالتكلّف فاذا قيل فلان يتتبع مذهب ابى حنيفة رحمه الله اى يتعلّم معلوماته
  • Explicit: [الايضاح] يظهر ذلك بالتامل فيها مع التذكر لما تقدم من الاصول والله الموفق -- [اجوبة] قال فى التلخيص فى الكناية ورد بان اللازم ما لم يكن ملزوما ... اقول اراد باللزوم المتبوع الذى لا يوجد بدون التابع وباللازم ذلك التابع ... قال ... للقسم وفيه نظر فانّ اقول ايضا لنظره جواب هذا ما سنح بخاظر اضعف عباد الله عبد الله ابن مسعود بن تاج الشريعة عصمه الله عن الخطا والخطل فى اجوبه اعتراضات ذكر فى التلخيص والايضاح على صاحب المفتاح حررها بالتماس بعض الاصحاب من ارباب العلوم والاداب واتم تحريرها فى اواخر ربيع الاخر سنة خمس واربعين وسبعماية فى فاخرة بخارا صينت عن الافات والمخافات
Binding note
Type II (with flap) binding in brown leather and purple paper over cardboard. Silver (or faded gold?) roll on the edge of the paper. The fore-edge flap has impression of the same roll and of a stamp with a leaf pattern. Purple pastedown and free endpaper (green paper for the envelope flap pastedown ; green cloth doublure on the fore-edge flap).
Language note
Arabic;
Script
Taʻlīq.
Contents
  • 1. fol. 1a-2a: [Treatise on definition of al-ḥaqīqah]
  • 2. fol. 2b-213a: al-Īḍāḥ.
  • 3. fol. 213b-218a: Ajwibat iʻtirāḍāt fī al-Talkhīṣ wa-al-Īḍāḥ ʻalá Sāḥib al-Miftāḥ.
Provenance
Partly erased ownership statement on the margin of fol. 2b, in the name of Muṣṭafá ibn Ibrāhīm, known as ...? Acquired by Robert Garrett from Brill, Leyden, 1900.
Source acquisition
Gift ; Robert Garrett, Class of 1897 ; 1942.
References
Hitti, P. Garrett coll., 552
Other format(s)
  • Microfilm negative available for reproduction.
  • Also available in an electronic version.
Other title(s)
  • كتاب الايضاح في المعاني والبيان
  • كتاب الايضاح لصاحب تلخيص المفتاح
Title by a later hand on fol. 1a
  • Kitāb al-Īḍāḥ fī al-maʻānī wa-al-bayān
Title by a later hand on the margin of fol. 2b
  • Kitāb al-Īḍāḥ li-Ṣāḥib Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ
OCLC
143348718
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