Influence of Sanctions and Opportunities on Rates of Bank Robbery, 1970-1975 [electronic resource] : [United States] / George M. Camp, LeRoy Gould

Data file
Ann Arbor, Mich. : Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1987.
1 data file


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Use of these data are restricted to Princeton University students, faculty, and staff for non-commercial statistical analysis and research purposes only.
Summary note
This study was designed to explain variations in crime rates and to examine the deterrent effects of sanctions on crime. The study concentrated on bank robberies, but it also examined burglaries and other kinds of robberies. In examining these effects the study condidered three sets of factors: (1) Economic considerations-- the cost/benefit factors that individuals consider in deciding whether or not to perform a crime, (2) Degree of anomie--the amount of alienation and isolation individuals feel toward society and the effect of these feelings on the individuals' performing a crime, and (3) Opportunity--the effect of exposure, attractiveness, and degree of guardianship on an object being taken. These factors were explored by gathering information on such topics as: crime clearance rates, arrests, and sentences, bank attributes, and socioeconomic and demographic information.
Title from ICPSR DDI metadata of 2004-10-30.
Type of data
1 data file
Time and place of event
Start: 1970; and end: 1975.
Funding information
United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice 79-NI-AX-0117
System details
Mode of access: Intranet.
Methodology note
  • Data source: (1) FBI Uniform Crime Reports, (2) National Crime Survey data, (3) FBI Bank Robbery Division - state statistics, (4) FBI Bank Robber Unit - individual statistics, (5) U.S. Census, (6) Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, (7) FBI's NCIC CCH data file tape, (8) Federal Regulatory Agencies - FDIC and Federal Home Loan Band Board, (9) data collected by Thomas F. Pogue, Department of Economics, University of Iowa, '' Econometric Analysis of the Deterrent Effects of Arrest and Imprisonment,'' and (10) Statistical Abstract of the United States
  • Universe: Bank robberies in the fifty states, 1970-1975.
Part 1: Data File
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