Firearms, Violence, and Youth in California, Illinois, Louisiana, and New Jersey, 1991 [electronic resource] / Joseph F. Sheley, James D. Wright, M. Dwayne Smith

Data file
ICPSR Version, 2005-11-04.
Ann Arbor, Mich. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor] 1996.
2 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + SAS setup file(s) + SPSS setup file(s) + Stata setup file(s) + SAS transport + SPSS portable + Stata system + data collection instruments


Restrictions note
Use of these data are restricted to Princeton University students, faculty, and staff for non-commercial statistical analysis and research purposes only.
Summary note
Violence committed by and against juveniles was the focus of this study. Two groups were examined: incarcerated (criminally active) juveniles and students in inner-city high schools, since these youths are popularly considered to engage in and experience violence (especially gun-related violence), to belong to urban street gangs, and to participate in the drug trafficking thought to lead to excessive gun violence. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 835 male inmates in six correctional facilities and 1,663 male and female students from ten inner-city high schools in California, Illinois, Louisiana, and New Jersey. Data collection took place during January through April of 1991. To maximize response rates, inducements of five dollars were offered to the inmates, Spanish-language versions of the questionnaire were provided to inmates who preferred them, and personal interviews were conducted with inmates whose reading skills were less than sufficient to complete the questionnaire on their own. In four schools, principals permitted the inducements to be offered to students to participate in the study. As with the inmate survey, a Spanish-language version of the questionnaire was provided to students who preferred it. The questionnaires covered roughly the same core topics for both inmates and students. Items included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, school experiences, gun ownership, gun use for several types of firearms, gun acquisition patterns, gun-carrying habits, use of other weapons, gang membership and gang activities, self-reported criminal histories, victimization patterns, drug use, alcohol use, and attitudes concerning guns, crime, and violence. In both questionnaires, the majority of the items covered firearms knowledge, acquisition, and use. The remaining items in the inmate survey primarily covered criminal behavior and, seconda... Cf.:
Title from ICPSR DDI metadata of 2006-09-15.
Type of data
2 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + SAS setup file(s) + SPSS setup file(s) + Stata setup file(s) + SAS transport + SPSS portable + Stata system + data collection instruments
Time and place of event
Start: 1991-01; and end: 1991-04.
Geographic coverage
California, Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, United States
Funding information
United States Department of Justice. NationalInstitute of Justice. 90-IJ-CX-0024
System details
Mode of access: Internet.
Methodology note
  • Data source: Data were obtained from self-enumerated questionnaires administered to the inmate sample and to the high school student sample.
  • Universe: Male youths incarcerated in six juvenile corrections facilities in California, Illinois, New Jersey, and Louisiana, and male and female students attending public schools proximate to the six correctional facilities.
Part 1: Inmate Data; Part 2: Student Data; Part 3: SAS Data Definition Statements for Inmate Data; Part 4: SAS Data Definition Statements for Student Data; Part 5: User Guide
Other format(s)
Also available as downloadable files.
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