Police Use of Force [United States] [electronic resource] : Official Reports, Citizen Complaints, and Legal Consequences, 1991-1992 / Antony M. Pate, Lorie A. Fridell

Data file
Ann Arbor, Mich. : Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994.
1 data file + machine-readable documentation (text) + SAS data definition statements + SPSS data definition statements + data collection instrument


Library of Congress genre(s)
Restrictions note
Use of these data are restricted to Princeton University students, faculty, and staff for non-commercial statistical analysis and research purposes only.
Summary note
This national survey was designed to collect information on police departmental policies and practices pertaining to the use of physical force--both deadly and less than lethal--by law enforcement officers. A further objective was to investigate the enforcement of these policies by examining the extent to which complaints of policy violations were reviewed and violations punished. Additionally, the survey sought to determine the extent to which departments kept records on the use of force, and to collect from those agencies that recorded this information data relating to how frequently officers used force, the characteristics of officers who did and did not have complaints filed against them, and the training of recruits on the appropriate use of force. The study also provides data on citizen complaints of excessive force, the disposition of those complaints, and litigation concerning allegations of excessive force. Additional variables provide agency size, demographic characteristics, and workload.... Cf.: http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/06274.xml
Title from ICPSR DDI metadata of 2004-10-30.
Type of data
1 data file + machine-readable documentation (text) + SAS data definition statements + SPSS data definition statements + data collection instrument
Time and place of event
Start: 1991; and end: 1992.
Geographic coverage
United States
Funding information
U.S. Department of Justice. National Institute ofJustice. 91-IJ-CX-0028
System details
Mode of access: Intranet.
Methodology note
  • Data source: Data were collected from surveys mailed to 1,697 law enforcement agencies in the United States.
  • Data source: self-enumerated questionnaires
  • Universe: All law enforcement agencies in the United States.
Part 1: Data File; Part 2: SAS Data Definition Statements; Part 3: User Guide
Other format(s)
Also available as downloadable files.
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Supplementary Information