Survey of American Prisons and Jails, 1979 [electronic resource] / Abt Associates, Inc.

Data file
2nd ICPSR ed
Ann Arbor, Mich. : Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1984.
2 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + OSIRIS dictionaries


Restrictions note
Use of these data are restricted to Princeton University students, faculty, and staff for non-commercial statistical analysis and research purposes only.
Summary note
This data collection contains information gathered in a two-part survey that was designed to assess institutional conditions in state and federal prisons and in halfway houses. It was one of a series of data-gathering efforts undertaken during the 1970s to assist policymakers in assessing and overcoming deficiencies in the nation's correctional institutions. This particular survey was conducted in response to a mandate set forth in the Crime Control Act of 1976. Data were gathered via self-enumerated questionnaires that were mailed to the administrators of all 558 federal and state prisons and all 405 community-based prerelease facilities in existence in the United States in 1979. Part 1 contains the results of the survey of state and federal adult correctional systems, and Part 2 contains the results of the survey of community-based prerelease facilities. The two files contain similar variables designed to tap certain key aspects of confinement: (1) inmate (or resident) counts by sex and by security class, (2) age of facility and rated capacity, (3) spatial density, occupancy, and hours confined for each inmate's (or resident's) confinement quarters, (4) composition of inmate (or resident) population according to race, age, and offense type, (5) inmate (or resident) labor and earnings, (6) race, age, and sex characteristics of prison (or half-way house) staff, and (7) court orders by type of order and pending litigation. Other data (contained in both files) include case ID number, state ID number, name of facility, and operator of facility (e.g., federal, state, local, or private).... Cf.:
Title from ICPSR DDI metadata of 2004-10-30.
Type of data
2 data files + machine-readable documentation (text) + OSIRIS dictionaries
Funding information
United States Department of Justice. NationalInstitute of Justice. 77-NI-AX-C018
System details
Mode of access: Intranet.
Methodology note
  • Data source: self-enumerated questionnaires, and telephone interviews
  • Universe: All state and federal adult confinement institutions and community-based prerelease facilities in the United States.
Part 1: Survey of State and Federal Adult Correctional Systems.; Part 2: Survey of Community-based Pre-release Facilities
Other format(s)
Also available as downloadable files.
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Supplementary Information