The Soviet pharmaceutical business during its first two decades (1917-1937) / Mary Schaeffer Conroy.

Conroy, Mary Schaeffer, 1937- [Browse]
New York : Peter Lang, ©2006.
viii, 377 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.


American university studies. Series IX, History ; v. 202. [More in this series]
Summary note
Putting privately owned Russian pharmacies and pharmaceutical factories under state control in 1918/1919 did not improve the output and the distribution of soaps, disinfectants, hormones, vitamins, and medicines. Newly available archival records show that managers appointed by the Soviet government to run sequestered factories employed business methods common to market economies to make the Soviet pharmaceutical sector profitable and productive. However, an inefficient macroeconomy and interference in day-to-day policy-making in the core industry by exogenous officials (frequent reorganization, limits on imports, and excessive exports) hindered production; this plus inefficient distribution shorted consumers. Inadequate amounts of pharmaceuticals undoubtedly contributed to high mortality during the civil war (1917-1921), collectivization and industrialization (1927-1938), and World War II (1939-1945).
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references (p. [261]-345) and index.
  • How things were : the pharmaceutical industry, pharmacy and preventive medicine in late imperial Russia
  • The First World War and revolution
  • The civil war: nationalization, centralization bureaucratization
  • Getting back to business: the first half of NEP
  • Expanding research, production and sales during the second half of the NEP
  • At the apteka during the NEP
  • Preventive medicine in the periphery during the NEP
  • The second decade: "the second Soviet revolution"
  • The five-year plans
  • Preventive medicine in the periphery: the first two five-year plans
  • Pharmacies during the first and second five-year plans
  • Medicines for the masses : the pharmaceutical industry during the first five-year plan
  • Keeping up with competition during the second five-year plan.
  • 0820478997 ((alk. paper))
  • 9780820478999 ((alk. paper))
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