Copybook of arithmetic problems.

Binford, John [Browse]
Manuscript, Book
[Tiverton, Devon?: between 1715 and 1716].
116 [i.e. 111] leaves. ill (ink and watercolor drawings highlighted with red, yellow and green) 30.3 cm.


  • Title supplied by cataloger (title wanting)
  • Leaves, which are numbered in upper left, are wanting for 1, 7, 16, 32, and 67.
  • 2. Numeration, 3. The species of arithmetic, 4. Addition, 5. Addition in whole numbers, 6. Addition of mony, 8. Apothecaries weights, 9. Averdupoise weights, 10. Wine measures, 11. Dry measure in addition, 12. Cloth measure, 13. Long measure in addition, 14. Land measure in addition; 15. Subtraction, 17. Subtraction of gold weights or troy weights, 18. Subtraction of Averdupoise, 19. Subtraction of Wine measures, [20?]. Subtraction of dry measures, 25. Questions in subtraction; 26. Multiplication, 27-29. Multiplications, rule, 30-31. Questions in multiplication, 33. Divisions rule of 1 wai[?], 34. Divisions rule, 35-39. Questions in division, 40. Reductions rule, 41-51. Reductions of min, ...mony, ...troy, ... apothecary weights, ... averdupoise..., ...wool...,, ...dry measure, ...elot (land)..., ... long ..., ...time, 52-53. Questions in reduction, [*] Double selling, [**]. Subtraction of long measures, [***]. ... time, 55-56. Rule of three, 57-65. {these alternate use of golden rule and rule of 3 for the following: troy, apothecary weights, averdupoise, wine, dry measures, cloth, long measures, elot, & [?]}, 66, 68-70. Backward rule of three, 71-79. Arithmetical progression, 80-83. Geometrical progression, 84 Practice, 85-89. Practice rule..., 90-102. Practices best way, 103- 105. All practice art included, 106. Variety of Practice art..., 107. Another variety of practice, 108-109. Merchants merrour of practice, 110. Merchandising, 111. Fellowship, 112. Fellowship of time, 113-116. Simple Fellowship.
  • Dated from the word problem under heading 'Questions in subtraction' : "Mr Blundels free School in Tiverton was built in the year of 1604 how many Years Since is it to this year 1715...".
  • Elaborately illustrated and ornamented by the talented student, including a portrait, presumably of his Schoolmaster Joseph Shallis, aged 25 on l. 84. Many typical ornaments: angels, control of pen exercises terminating in grotesques, historiation of capitals, but also drawings of the Emperor of Germany and the King of Poland, a charming illustration of a cat playing the fiddle as mice dance "The cat doth play and after slay...", a hedgehog, heraldic dolphins "naiant" and "ludent", a cameleopard and a goat, as well as a variety of elaborately knotted and interlaced initials. On leaf 34 is a tribute to King George I.
  • Entertaining mnemonic verses for some of the operations.
Binding note
Later full vellum; new 1/4 green mor. clamshell.
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