Current methods for life cycle analyses of low-carbon transportation fuels in the United States / Committee on Current Methods for Life Cycle Analyses of Low-Carbon Transportation Fuels in the United States ; Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology ; Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources ; Division on Earth and Life Studies ; Board on Energy and Environmental Systems ; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences.

Format
Book
Language
English
Published/​Created
  • Washington, DC : The National Academies Press, [2022]
  • ©2022
Description
xvi, 220 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 28 cm.

Details

Subject(s)
Issuing body
Series
Summary note
"Transportation is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, with petroleum accounting for 90 percent of transportation fuels. Policymakers encounter a range of questions as they consider low-carbon fuel standards to reduce emissions, including total emissions released from production to use of a fuel or the potential consequences of a policy. Life-cycle assessment is an essential tool for addressing these questions. This report provides researchers and practitioners with a toolkit for applying life-cycle assessment to estimate greenhouse gas emissions, including identification of the best approach to use for a stated policy goal, how to reduce uncertainty and variability through verification and certification, and the core assumptions that can be applied to various fuel types. Policymakers should still use a tailored approach for each fuel type, given that petroleum-based ground, air, and marine transportation fuels necessitate different considerations than alternative fuels including biofuels, hydrogen, and electricity. Ultimately, life-cycle assessments should clearly document what assumptions and methods are used to ensure transparency."--Publisher's website.
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references.
Contents
  • Front Matter
  • Summary - Part I: Background and Policy Context for Life-Cycle Analysis
  • 1. Introduction and Policy Context
  • 2. Fundamentals of Life-Cycle Assessment
  • 3. Life-Cycle Assessment in a Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Policy
  • Part II: General Considerations for Life-Cycle Analysis
  • 4. Key Considerations: Direct and Indirect Effects, Uncertainty, Variability, and Scale of Production
  • 5. Verification
  • 6. Specific Methodological Issues Relevant to a Low-Carbon Fuel Standard
  • Part III: Specific Fuel Issues for Life-Cycle Analysis
  • 7. Fossil and Gaseous Fuels for Road Transportation
  • 8. Aviation and Maritime Fuels
  • 9. Biofuels
  • 10. Electricity as a Vehicle Fuel
  • Appendix A: Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Appendix B: Committee Members' Biographical Sketches
  • Appendix C: Open Session Agendas.
ISBN
  • 9780309273930 ((paperback))
  • 0309273935 ((paperback))
OCLC
1349564417
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