New relativity in the gravitational universe : the theory of cosmic relativity and its experimental evidence / C. S. Unnikrishnan.

Author
Unnikrishnan, C. S. [Browse]
Format
Book
Language
English
Published/​Created
  • Cham, Switzerland : Springer, [2022]
  • ©2022
Description
1 online resource (494 pages)

Details

Subject(s)
Series
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Source of description
Description based on print version record.
Contents
  • Intro
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • Acronyms
  • Part I First Principles and Their Empirical Core
  • 1 The Paradigm of Cosmic Relativity and Its Evidence
  • 1.1 The First Principles
  • 1.2 What is the Theory of Cosmic Relativity?
  • 1.3 Why is Cosmic Relativity Necessary?
  • 1.4 The Gravity of Our Universe
  • 1.5 The Cosmic Gravitational Metric and the Potentials
  • 1.6 A Phenomenological Assertion
  • 1.7 Summary of the Primary Results of Cosmic Relativity
  • 1.8 The Universal Clock of Cosmic Relativity
  • 1.9 Cosmic Relativity and Its Experimental Tests
  • 1.10 Cosmic Relativity and General Relativity
  • 1.11 Summary
  • References
  • 2 Space and Time of Our Fundamental Theories
  • 2.1 Newton's Space and Time
  • 2.2 Ernst Mach's Critique and Insight
  • 2.3 Space and Time in 19th Century Physics
  • 2.4 Space and Time in Einstein's Relativity
  • 2.5 Speculative Space and Time
  • 2.6 Space and Time in the Factual Universe
  • 2.7 Philosopher's Space and Time
  • 2.8 Space, Time, and the Principle of Relativity
  • 2.9 Summary
  • 3 Electrodynamics, Light and Relativity
  • 3.1 Experiments to Determine the Speed of Light
  • 3.1.1 Roemer's Method
  • 3.1.2 Michelson's Measurements
  • 3.2 The Ether: The Medium for the Propagation of the EM Waves
  • 3.3 Stellar Aberration
  • 3.4 The Speed of Light in Moving Media-Fresnel Drag
  • 3.5 The Doppler Effect
  • 3.6 Experiments Designed to Detect the Stationary Ether
  • 3.7 The Trouton-Noble Experiment
  • 3.8 The Birth of a New Theory of Relativity
  • 3.9 Experiments on the Unipolar Induction
  • 3.10 The Principle of Relativity and the Theories of Relativity
  • 3.11 Summary
  • 4 The Special Theory of Relativity and its Empirical Foundations
  • 4.1 Einstein's Motivations for a Theory of Relativity
  • 4.2 The Lorentz Transformations.
  • 4.3 The Physical Results of the Special Theory of Relativity
  • 4.3.1 The Doppler Effect in the STR
  • 4.3.2 The Unipolar Phenomena and the STR
  • 4.3.3 Einstein's STR and Thermodynamics
  • 4.3.4 The Empirical Status of the Light Hypothesis
  • 4.4 The General Nature of Experimenters' Interpretations
  • 4.5 The Special Theory of Relativity and Accelerated Frames
  • 4.6 Summary
  • 5 Simultaneity and the Synchronisation of Time
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Galilean Simultaneity
  • 5.3 Einstein's Discussion of Simultaneity in the STR
  • 5.4 Einstein's Fallacy on the Relativity of Simultaneity
  • 5.5 H. Bergson's Critique of Einstein's Relativity of Simultaneity
  • 5.6 The Synchronisation of Time
  • 5.7 Summary
  • 6 The Equivalence Principles
  • 6.1 The Universality of Free Fall
  • 6.2 The Equivalence of Inertia and Mass-The Weak Equivalence Principle
  • 6.3 Galileo's Thought Experiment `Proof' of the UFF
  • 6.4 Einstein's Equivalence Principle
  • 6.5 What are Inertial Frames?
  • 6.6 A Stronger Equivalence Principle
  • 6.7 A Brief Account of Experimental Tests
  • 6.7.1 Space Tests of the UFF and the WEP
  • 6.7.2 Laser Ranging to the Moon and the WEP
  • 6.7.3 Tests of the SEP
  • 6.7.4 The Active and the Passive Gravitational Masses
  • 6.8 The First Applications of the EEP: Prelude to the GTR
  • 6.9 On the Gravitational Origin of the UFF, WEP, and EEP
  • 6.10 Diving Deeper: Equivalent or Identical?
  • 6.11 The Equivalence Principle and the Quantum Theory
  • 6.12 Summary
  • 7 Einstein's General Theory of Relativity
  • 7.1 The Genesis and Its Salient Points
  • 7.2 General Theory of Relativity (GTR) as a Theory of Gravity
  • 7.3 The GTR from an Action Principle
  • 7.4 The GTR as the Geometric Theory of Gravity
  • 7.5 Einstein's `Hole Argument'
  • 7.5.1 Revisiting the Hole Argument.
  • 7.6 The GTR and Its Galilean Metrics
  • 7.7 Gravitation and Electrodynamics: A Comparison
  • 7.8 The Achievements of the GTR
  • 7.9 The GTR and Gravitomagnetism
  • 7.10 The GTR and Gravitational Waves
  • 7.11 The Experimental and Observational Tests of the GTR
  • 7.12 The GTR and Mach's Principle
  • 7.13 The GTR and Cosmology
  • 7.14 The Unsolved Riddle of Inertia: The Incompleteness of the GTR
  • 7.15 What Lies Beyond the GTR?
  • 7.16 Summary
  • 8 Our Universe
  • 8.1 Our Physical Universe Before 1930
  • 8.2 The Universe as Observed
  • 8.2.1 The Large Scale Distribution of Matter
  • 8.2.2 The Expansion of the Universe
  • 8.2.3 The Velocity-Distance Relation From Observations
  • 8.3 Einstein's Cosmological Constant
  • 8.3.1 The Cosmological Principle and the Expansion
  • 8.3.2 The Concept of a `Critical Density'
  • 8.3.3 The Measurements of the Deceleration Parameter
  • 8.4 The Reason Behind the Expansion of the Universe
  • 8.5 The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
  • 8.6 The Large Scale Distribution of Matter
  • 8.6.1 The Dark Matter
  • 8.6.2 The Curvature of the Universe
  • 8.6.3 The Dark Energy
  • 8.6.4 The Dark Energy and the Quantum Vacuum
  • 8.6.5 An Interpretation of the Critical Density
  • 8.7 The Interpretation of the Expansion of the Universe
  • 8.8 The `Absolute' Features of Our Universe
  • 8.9 Summary
  • 9 Time Dilation and the Twin-Paradox
  • 9.1 Cautionary Introduction
  • 9.2 Time Dilation in Lorentz-Poincaré Relativity
  • 9.3 Time Dilation in Einstein's STR
  • 9.4 Langevin's Twin-Paradox
  • 9.5 The Real Twin-Paradox in the STR
  • 9.6 The Predictions for Motional Time Dilation
  • 9.7 Experiments on Motional Time Dilation
  • 9.7.1 Time Dilation of Unstable Particles
  • 9.7.2 Experiments on Atomic Systems
  • 9.7.3 Experiments on the Comparison of Atomic Clocks
  • 9.8 The Hafele-Keating Experiment.
  • 9.9 Popular `Resolutions' of the Twin-Paradox
  • 9.9.1 Langevin's Solution in the Acceleration
  • 9.9.2 Resolution Sans Acceleration
  • 9.10 Einstein's Gravitational Resolution of the Paradox
  • 9.11 Summary
  • Part II The New Physical World of Cosmic Relativity
  • 10 Cosmic Relativity-The Theory and Its Primary Fundamental Results
  • 10.1 The Universe that Determines the Physics of Relativity
  • 10.2 A Hypothetical Scenario in Electrodynamics
  • 10.3 A Theory of Relativity and Dynamics Without Postulates
  • 10.4 Physics in the Gravitationally Charged Universe
  • 10.5 The Gravitational Foundation of Cosmic Relativity
  • 10.6 The Primary Results in Cosmic Relativity
  • 10.6.1 The Modification of Duration and Distance
  • 10.6.2 Interpretation in Terms of the Gravitational Potentials
  • 10.6.3 The Time Dilation of Physical Clocks
  • 10.6.4 Cosmic Relativity and the Principle of Relativity
  • 10.6.5 The Propagation of Light
  • 10.7 Cosmic Relativity and Dynamics
  • 10.7.1 Laws of Dynamics: Newton's Law of Motion
  • 10.8 Cosmic Relativity and the Origin of Inertia
  • 10.8.1 Cosmic Relativity and the Inertial Forces
  • 10.8.2 The Centrifugal Force
  • 10.8.3 The Coriolis Force
  • 10.9 The Twist in Tropical Cyclones
  • 10.10 Cosmic Relativity and the Principles of Equivalence
  • 10.10.1 Newton's Law and the WEP
  • 10.10.2 `Weightlessness' in Free Fall and the EEP
  • 10.10.3 Two Kinds of Gravitational Forces and the Geodesic Principle
  • 10.10.4 The Equivalence Principle and Universality of Free Fall
  • 10.11 The EEP and the Time Dilation of Clocks in an Accelerated Frame
  • 10.12 Clocks and Time Dilation in Cosmic Relativity
  • 10.12.1 Time Dilation in the STR
  • 10.12.2 Motional Time Dilation in Cosmic Relativity
  • 10.12.3 Synchronisation of Clocks in Cosmic Relativity
  • 10.12.4 The Addition of Velocities in Cosmic Relativity.
  • 10.13 Cosmic Relativity and the Electrodynamics of Moving Media
  • 10.13.1 The Doppler Shift
  • 10.13.2 The Optical Aberration and the Fresnel Drag
  • 10.14 The Unipolar Induction
  • 10.15 Cosmic Relativity and the Spin Angular Momentum
  • 10.16 Summary
  • 11 The Crucial Experimental Tests of Cosmic Relativity
  • 11.1 The Nature of Propagation of Light
  • 11.1.1 Past Experiments on the One-Way Propagation of Light
  • 11.2 True Relative Velocity of Light-The Prediction
  • 11.3 The True Relative Velocity of Light-A Prelude to a Test
  • 11.3.1 The Propagation of Light in a Moving Frame
  • 11.3.2 A Simple Demonstration of the Conflict Between the PoR and the Light Hypothesis
  • 11.4 The Experiment on the One-Way Relative Velocity of Light
  • 11.5 Motional Time Dilation: The Predictions
  • 11.6 Cosmic Relativity and Clock Synchronisation
  • 11.7 Experimental Tests of Time Dilation: Atomic Clocks
  • 11.8 Experimental Tests of Time Dilation: GNSS and GPS
  • 11.8.1 Time Dilations in the GNSS Satellites
  • 11.8.2 The GNSS Mystery Created by the Galilean Propagation of Light
  • 11.9 The Absence of a Relative Time Dilation in Accelerated Frames
  • 11.10 The One-Way Relative Velocity of Light in Rotating Frames
  • 11.10.1 An Early History of the Relevant Ideas
  • 11.10.2 The Experiments by G. Sagnac
  • 11.10.3 The Michelson-Gale Experiment
  • 11.10.4 The Proof of the Galilean Nature of a Rotating Frame
  • 11.11 Lorentz's Relativity, Einstein's Relativity and Cosmic Relativity
  • 11.12 Summary
  • 12 Cosmic Relativity and Quantum Dynamics
  • 12.1 Cosmic Relativity and Quantum Dynamics
  • 12.2 The True Nature of the Schrödinger Equation
  • 12.3 The `Law of Motion' in the Microscopic Physical World
  • 12.4 The Quantum Interference of Single Particles
  • 12.5 The Continuity Equation and the Schrödinger Equation.
  • 12.6 L. de Broglie's Non-existent Matter-Waves.
ISBN
9783031089350 ((electronic bk.))
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