Assessing the Impact of Pre-Adjudication Assessment Approaches on Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Oregon, 2014-2018 / Brian C. Renauer.

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Ann Arbor, Mich. : Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2022.
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Summary note
This study examines two counties in Oregon (Multnomah and Yamhill) that have utilized a pre-adjudication risk assessment (PAA) to inform criminal case negotiation since 2014. This study seeks to answer these core questions: has the introduction of a PAA into the court decision-making process impacted racial and ethnic disparities in sentencing outcomes over time in each county; does one PAA process appear to produce more promising results in impacting racial/ethnic disparities; using interviews and visual observations, how does the PAA influence case discussion and negotiation, decision-making, and workgroup norms and culture; does validation of the PAA tool yield significant mean score differences across racial groups and/or predictive biases? A number of jurisdictions have turned to pre-adjudication risk assessments (PAA) as a tool to potentially lower or stabilize incarceration rates by identifying the best suitable cases for community-based supervision. Questions have been raised about using risk assessment tools to help with the negotiation of sentencing outcomes in the pre-adjudication stages of criminal cases, particularly the potential for exacerbating disparate racial/ethnic sentencing outcomes.Cf:
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Funding information
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice 2017-IJ-CX-0116
Methodology note
All pre-adjudication assessment (PAA) eligible cases between Feb 2014 to June 2018 in the study locations. Historical cases between July 2012-June 2013 that would have been PAA eligible prior to program implementation.
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