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Vigilantes Beyond Borders : NGOs As Enforcers of International Law.
Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2022.
1 online resource (249 pages)
Sharman, J. C.
How and why NGOs are increasingly taking independent and direct action in global law enforcement, from human rights to the environment Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have generally served as advocates and service providers, leaving enforcement issues to states. Now, NGOs are increasingly acting as private police, prosecutors, and intelligence agencies in enforcing international law. NGOs today can be found investigating and gathering evidence; suing and prosecuting governments, companies, and individuals; and even catching lawbreakers red-handed. Examining this trend, Vigilantes beyond Borders considers why some transnational groups but not others have opted to become enforcers of international law regarding such issues as human rights, the environment, and corruption.Three factors explain the rise of vigilante enforcement: demand, supply, and competition. Governments commit to more international laws, but do a poor job of policing them, leaving a gap and creating demand. Legal and technological changes make it easier for non-state actors to supply enforcement, as in the instances of NGOs that have standing to use domestic and international courts, or smaller NGOs that employ satellite imagery, big data analysis, and forensic computing. As the growing number of NGOs vie for limited funding and media attention, smaller, more marginal, groups often adopt radical strategies like enforcement.Looking at the workings of major organizations, including Amnesty International, Greenpeace, and Transparency International, as well as smaller players, such as Global Witness, the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, and Bellingcat, Vigilantes beyond Borders explores the consequences of a novel, provocative approach to global governance.
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Frontmatter -- Contents -- Preface and Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- 1. Vigilantes and Global Governance -- 2. Human Rights Vigilantes -- 3. Vigilante Environmentalists -- 4. Vigilantes against Corruption -- Conclusion -- List of Nongovernmental Organizations -- List of Interviews -- Bibliography -- Index -- A Note on the Type
Vigilantes Beyond Borders
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Vigilantes beyond borders: NGOs as enforcers of international law / Mette Eilstrup-Sangiovanni and J.C. Sharman.