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Princeton University Library Catalog
Bermuda, 1798-1799 : Despatches : Correspondence; Financial document; Acts and Legislation; Minutes 1798-1799.
Marlborough, Wiltshire : Adam Matthew Digital, 2021.
1 online resource
Adam Matthew Digital (Firm)
CO 37/45/1. Reports taking over the administration of the government on 6 November. Advises on the best way to get letters from England to Bermuda. Encloses: a letter from Bridger Goodrich concerning trade with enemies in 'neutral bottoms'; a protest concerning the capture of a ship belonging to Bermuda; a letter from Colonel Beauvais, Commander in Chief of the rounds of the east in the western department of San Domingo, to Fauchet, Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Republic to the United States of America. . James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 1, Folios 2-9. 1 Jan 1795. CO 37/45/2. Reports issuing proclamations to prohibit the exportation of food due to 'a great scarcity of provisions' and to allow the importation of food in foreign ships, which came from places which were not enemies of Britain, for three months. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 2, Folios 10-11. 24 Jan 1795. CO 37/45/3. Forwards the proceedings of the Council and Assembly for 20 December 1793 to 25 November 1794, 21 April to 31 July 1794, 8 to 11 October 1794, and 19 to 31 January 1795. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 3, Folios 12-130. 14 Feb 1795. CO 37/45/4. Gives information concerning his recommendation to the Secretary of War that a 'convalescent hospital' should be established in Bermuda for sick British soldiers in the West Indies. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 131-132. 16 Feb 1795. CO 37/45/5. Reports that Governor Crawford had been sworn into office. Also comments on the defensive condition of the island. Henry Hamilton, Governor of Bermuda, No. 7 duplicate, Folios 133-134. 24 Oct 1794. CO 37/45/6. Acknowledges the receipt of and comments on Bermuda despatches Nos 1-3 and an unnumbered despatch of 16 February. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, No. 2 draft, Folios 135-137. May 1795. CO 37/45/7. Comments on the cost of getting supplies and the building of barracks for troops. Also notes the cessation of the Engineer and Civil branches of the Ordnance Departments. Requests to be sent another officer of engineers to oversee the construction needed for the island's defence. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 4, Folios 138-139. 25 Apr 1795. CO 37/45/8. Reports the capture of American ships, travelling to and from San Domingo [Haiti], by Bermudian privateers. Comments on the problems that arose when the ships were condemned by the judge of the Court of Vice Admiralty. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 5, Folios 140-141. 27 Apr 1795. CO 37/45/9. Explains that Captain Hicks will report on the state of the island's defences, the circumstances which make it a favourable depot for troops and a convalescent hospital for the Army, and the high cost of all European supplies and food. Also comments on his own financial situation. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, private, Folios 142-143. 12 May 1795. CO 37/45/10. Acknowledges the receipt of Bermuda despatches Nos 4 and 5. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, No. 3 draft, Folios 144-145. 18 Jun 1795. CO 37/45/11. Discusses Admiral G Murray's departure after securing a new anchorage for British war ships; plans to build two water tanks in a location designated by Admiral Murray; the issuing of rations to those employed 'in the work' and finishing the barracks explaining that 'the ration is a comfort to the slave and prevents his leaving his work under the pretence of going for provisions'; coppering of sloops and gunboats; the 'defenceless state of the island'; the need to build a citadel. . Encloses a letter from Admiral Murray concerning the anchorage and tanks. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 6, Folios 146-149. 1 Jun 1795. CO 37/45/12. Acknowledges the receipt of and comments on Bermuda despatch No 6 and a letter sent to the Trade and Foreign Plantations Committee of Privy Council. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, Nos. 4 and 5 draft, Folios 150-154. Aug 1795. CO 37/45/13. Reports on an address given by the Assembly concerning the issue of taking prize ships into the port of Hamilton rather than St Georges. Includes the Duke of Portland's draft response. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 155-162. 19 Jul 1795. CO 37/45/14. Comments on: Admiral Murray; the Assembly; Customs clearance for ships entering Hamilton; disputes between the officers of the Army; the effect of the proceeding of privateers and condemnations of the Court of Admiralty. . James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 163-164. 25 Sep 1795. CO 37/45/15. Gives an account of how one of the Governor's servants, 'a free black man', was harassed simply because he was the Governor's servant. Comments on: the actions of the Council in response to the event; a dismissed bill 'to export all foreign negroes brought into the island since the war'; the sale of foreign blacks, some of whom he 'sincerely believed' were free; doubts concerning the Chief Justice's legal knowledge. . James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 8, Folios 165-168. 10 Oct 1795. CO 37/45/16. Forwards and comments on a copy of a letter [not included in volume] for guidance concerning the 'relative situations' of Governors and the officer commanding British forces stationed within various colonies. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, No. 9 draft, Folios 169-170. Dec 1795. CO 37/45/17. Comments on the island's centrality to West Indian trade with America and Europe and the resulting necessity to defend it against a possible attack from the United States. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 171-172. 25 Oct 1795. CO 37/45/18. Reports sending the government expense accounts for the quarter ending 20 September totalling £2326 18s 1 3/4d. Comments on an outbreak of fever, the need for a larger and better positioned prison, the construction of the barracks and naval cisterns [water tanks], and the gunboats being placed in their 'winter establishment'. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 7, Folios 173-174. 11 Dec 1795. CO 37/45/19. Reports further on 'the lawless treatment' of one of his servants, a free 'black man', who was taken from the Governor's boat and whipped at the public whipping post. Asks how to proceed with the case. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 8 (repeated number), Folios 175-176. 12 Dec 1795. CO 37/45/20. Forwards two acts 'for the better enabling of Admiral Murray or any other person who may be authorised by His Majesty to take up certain lands for the use of Government, and vesting such lands in the Crown' [not included in volume]. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 8 (repeated number), Folios 177-178. 14 Dec 1795. CO 37/45/21. Reports allowing privateers to take Dutch ships as prizes due to various newspaper reports of Britain's preparations to seize Dutch property. Reports that a Spanish ship had been captured by a Bermudian privateer while travelling from Vera Cruz to Spain. Explains that the unauthorised capture of Spanish ships would lead to problems with Spain. Encloses Captain William Newbold's affidavit and petition to the Governor as well as the Governor's reply. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 9, Folios 179-186. 8 Jan 1796. CO 37/45/22. Gives further information concerning the inadequacy of the Governor's income to meet his expenses. Asks to be given £500 from the Treasury. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, private, Folios 187-188. 8 Jan 1796. CO 37/45/23. Acknowledges the receipt of Bermuda despatches Nos. 7, 8, 8 (number reused), and 9. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, No. 11 draft, Folios 189-192. Apr 1796. CO 37/45/24. Forwards correspondence had with Governor Crawford and copies of orders given concerning a detachment of the Kings 13th and 16th regiments which had arrived in Bermuda in distress from Jamaica bound for England. Comments on his assumed suspension as Commander of the Troops and the conduct of Lieutenant Copley, commander of the distressed regiments. Major Andrew Durnford, Bermuda, Folios 193-198. 6 Mar 1796. CO 37/45/25. Forwards correspondence had with Governor Crawford concerning the intended removal of prisoner Joseph Greenwood from the King's Castle to New Providence. Major Andrew Durnford, Commander of Troops in Bermuda, Folios 199-202. 13 Mar 1796. CO 37/45/26.
Describes and comments on 'a most shameful and scandalous scene of mutiny and rebellion' that occurred when soldiers of the 47th Regiment refused to acknowledge his 'supreme authority' and stated that 'they would only be commanded by their own officers'. Accuses Major Durnford of speaking against the Governor to officers of the visiting 13th and 16th Regiments. Includes a postscript dated 29 March 1796. Encloses: a letter from Governor Crawford to Major Durnford; charges against Lieutenants Kelly, Currie and Stokes; orders given on 18 March; speech given to the soldiers on 19 March; an extract from the King's Commission; a copy of the letter posted on the watch house. . James
Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 203-225. 20 Mar 1796. CO 37/45/27. Comments on the dispute between Governor Crawford and the military officers. Notes that 'the principal inhabitants. . . were first disgusted by a perceptible partiality, which they perceived in him for French principles and politics. . . it soon appeared evident, that the military officers and people of this country did not agree with him in political principles and to the former he conceived a most invincible hatred. ' Encloses an account of the events which occurred on the parade in St Georges on 19 March. Major Andrew Durnford, Bermuda unnumbered, Folios 226-229. 20 Mar 1796. CO 37/45/28. Forwards and comments on correspondence had with Governor Crawford concerning his suspension from commander of the troops. Also encloses correspondence had with Lieutenant Copley, who had been promoted to the position ahead of Senior Officer Lieutenant Kelly. Major Andrew Durnford, Bermuda unnumbered, Folios 230-235. 21 Mar 1796. CO 37/45/29. Informs William Campbell of his appointment as Governor of Bermuda. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, No. 1 draft, Folios 236-237. May 1796. CO 37/45/30. Informs Governor Crawford that the bearer of the letter, Lieutenant Colonel William Campbell, had been made Governor of Bermuda and gives instructions concerning Crawford's departure. Forwards information and guidance concerning 'the case of three Negroes brought to Bermuda in the ship Phoebe, which had been decreed by the Vice Admiralty Court to be a part of the ship's cargo'. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, Nos. 12 and 13 draft, Folios 238-241. May 1796. CO 37/45/31. Reports on the capture by Bermudian privateers and eventual release of Spanish ships en route from Vera Cruz and Havana to Spain. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 10, Folios 242-243. 17 Feb 1796. CO 37/45/32. Forwards a copy of a letter addressed to Major Durnford concerning the charges against him. Reports suspending Durnford from the Council Board. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 10 (number reused), Folios 244-249. 1 Apr 1796. CO 37/45/33. Acknowledges the receipt of and comments on a despatch concerning the dispute had between the Governor and Major Durnford concerning the control of the military. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 11, Folios 250-253. 10 Apr 1796. CO 37/45/34. Instructs Governor Campbell to conduct an enquiry upon his arrival in Bermuda into the dispute had between Governor Crawford and the military. Duke of Portland, Secretary of State, No. 1 draft, Folios 254-257. Jun 1796. CO 37/45/35. Reports the arrival of Major Irving [?] of the 47th Regiment who settled all the military disputes. Also requests an allowance for the officers whose salaries made it 'impossible for them to enjoy the smallest comfort'. Bahamas, No. 12, Folios 258-259. 28 Apr 1796. CO 37/45/36. Asks that an enquiry be made into his general conduct before Governor Crawford's request to have him suspended from the Council Board is confirmed. Major Andrew Durnford, Bermuda, Folios 260-261. 30 Apr 1796. CO 37/45/37. Reports on Major Irving's removal of Captain Stokes and Lieutenant Kelly from Bermuda at the Governor's request. Further comments on the charges against Major Durnford in a postscript. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 13, Folios 262-263. 26 May 1796. CO 37/45/38. Reports on the delay in the sailing of the Asia. William Campbell, Folios 264-265. 6 Jul 1796. CO 37/45/39. Forwards the minutes and proceedings of the Governor and Council in Council for 14 February to 1 September 1795, as well as the minutes for the Council in Assembly and General Assembly for 4 May to 31 July 1795. Also includes four acts passed by the Legislature during the last session. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 7, Folios 266-345. 9 Oct 1795. CO 37/45/40. Asks for permission to return to Europe for health reasons. Suggests that he be replaced by a military man and recommends that Major Irving be appointed as Lieutenant Governor. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 14, Folios 346-347. 22 Jun 1796. CO 37/45/41. Reports that the number of Council members had been reduced to less than seven and nominates Justice of the Peace Richard Washington to fill the vacancy. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, No. 15, Folios 348-349. 25 Jun 1796. CO 37/45/42. Reports learning that despatches had not been received from former Governor of Bermuda James Crawford and forwards the minutes of the Council of Bermuda [not included in volume]. William Fawkener, Folios 350-351. 18 Nov 1796. CO 37/45/43. Forwards a copy of an address to the Council concerning allegations that he had 'adopted republican notions' and was 'tainted with Jacobinical principles'. Encloses a copy of a letter to Governor Crawford from the Council signed by President Henry Tucker concerning the allegations. James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 352-353. 6 Sep 1796. CO 37/45/44. Reports the arrival of Colonel Campbell on 9 October with a letter containing official confirmation of Crawford's dismissal from Bermuda. Explains that he was surprised as he had expected to be rewarded for his services rather than disgraced. Gives an outline of what had been achieved. Encloses: a statement of the military disturbances; the Governor's speech to the soldiers; a report by Council President Henry Tucker concerning the events which occurred on the parade on 19 March; a report on the events by Chief Justice Leonard; the 'incendiary' paper that was posted; minutes of the Council respecting the charge of Jacobinism. . James Crawford, Governor of Bermuda, unnumbered, Folios 354-377. 17 Oct 1796. CO 37/45/45. Forwards a letter to the Duke of Portland from Colonel Andrew Durnford concerning plans to build a lighthouse on Wreck Hill. Suggests that Colonel Durnford and Captain Hurd deserve to 'reap some benefit from their labour' chiefly the survey conducted of the Bermuda Islands. Sir Andrew Hammond, Folios 378-381. 13 Nov 1795. CO 37/45/46. Forwards, at the request of his father-in-law Bermuda Chief Justice Leonard, the proceedings of a case against Mr Quayle in which the Governor asked that Habeas Corpus be granted [not included in volume]. Notes that some of the officers of the garrison had complained against the case and asks to be informed if the proceedings were 'proper'. John Stewart, Folios 382-383. 3 Dec 1795. CO 37/45/47. Forwards and comments on an extract of a letter from Bermuda Clergyman Marischal Keith complaining that Governor Crawford had 'granted marriage licences to a dissenting preacher' named Madison, a Presbyterian from America. Bishop of London, Folios 384-387. 16 Dec 1795. CO 37/45/48. Asks John King to send him the notes of Congress for 1775 and 1776 in connection with some cases before the Court of Admiralty which concern the conduct of the American Congress during the American War of Independence. Encloses a letter dated 25 April 1795 from Judge of the Admiralty in Bermuda, John Green to Governor Henry Hamilton for delivery to the Duke of Portland. The letter concerns the proceedings of the Court of Vice Admiralty in Bermuda concerning American cases. John Brickwood, Folios 388-395. 30 Jan 1796.
AMDigital Reference:CO 37/47.
Reproduction of: Bermuda, 1798-1799 : Despatches, 1798-1799.
Location of originals
The National Archives, UK
Images including crown copyright images reproduced by courtesy of The National Archives, London, England. https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk
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