The neurobiology of the prefrontal cortex : anatomy, evolution, and the origin of insight / Richard E. Passingham, Steven P. Wise.

Passingham, R. E., 1943- [Browse]
First edition.
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012.
1 online resource (896 p.)


Summary note
The prefrontal cortex makes up almost a quarter of the human brain, and it expanded dramatically during primate evolution. The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex presents a new theory about its fundamental function. In this important new book, the authors argue that primate-specific parts of the prefrontal cortex evolved to reduce errors in foraging choices, so that particular ancestors of modern humans could overcome periodic food shortages. These developments laid thefoundation for working out problems in our imagination, which resulted in the insights that allow humans to avoid errors en
Description based upon print version of record.
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Source of description
Description based on print version record.
Language note
  • Cover Page; Title Page; Copyright Page; Preface; Acknowledgements; Contents in Brief; Contents in Full; List of Abbreviations; Glossary of Terms from Biology and Psychology; Chapter 1 Introduction; Introduction; Aims; Definitions and Terminology; Fingerprints; Lesions and Activation; Lesions and Activity; Activity and Activation; Conclusions; Chapter 2 Evolution of the Primate Prefrontal Cortex; Introduction; Strepsirrhine PF Cortex; Ventral Premotor Cortex; Early Primates; Anthropoid PF Cortex; Ancestral and Advanced Anthropoids; Conclusions
  • Chapter 3 Medial Prefrontal Cortex: Choosing Actions Based on OutcomesIntroduction; Areas; Connections; Decisions, Choices, and Goals; Accumulator Networks; Agranular Cortex in Rodents; Agranular Cortex in Primates; Granular Cortex; Conclusions; Chapter 4 Orbital Prefrontal Cortex: Choosing Objects Based on Outcomes; Introduction; Areas; Connections; Agranular Cortex in Rodents; Agranular Areas in Primates; Granular Cortex; Conclusions; Chapter 5 Caudal Prefrontal Cortex: Searching for Goals; Introduction; Areas; Connections; The FEF as a Prefrontal Area; Oculomotor Delayed Response Task
  • Attention Based on LearningConclusions; Chapter 6 Dorsal Prefrontal Cortex: Generating Goals Based on Recent Events; Introduction; Areas; Connections; Delayed Response Task; The Role of Interference; Temporal Order; Rules; Prospective Coding; Generation of Goals; Planning a Sequence; Conjunctions and the Current Context; Conclusions; Chapter 7 Ventral Prefrontal Cortex: Generating Goals Based on Visual and Auditory Contexts; Introduction; Areas; Connections; Visual and Auditory Conditional Tasks; Visuospatial and Visuomotor Associations; Matching-to-sample Tasks; Categorization
  • Abstract RulesChanging Rules; Abstract Strategies; Chapter 8 Prefrontal Cortex as a Whole: Generating Goals from Current Contexts and Events; Introduction; Connections; Hierarchies; Generating Goals Based on Contexts; Generating GOals based on Events; Generating Goals Based on Attentive Control; Fundamental Function of the PF Cortex; Conclusions; Chapter 9 Human Prefrontal Cortex: Generating Goals from Instructions and Imagination; Introduction; The Frontal Lobes in Hominid Evolution; Microstructure and Internal Connections; External Connections; Broca's area; Polar PF Cortex
  • Dorsal Paracingulate CortexActivations in the Human Brain; Sensory Processing; Generation of Goals; Task Instructions; Monitoring Intentions; Monitoring Outcomes; Associative Learning; Episodic Memory; Reasoning; Moral and Social Rules; Conclusions; Chapter 10 Conclusions; Introduction; Theories Based on Evidence from Monkeys; Theories Based on Evidence from Human Subjects; Our Proposal Assessed Against the Same Criteria; Falsifiability of our Proposal; Conclusion; References; Index
  • 0-19-174180-9
  • 1-283-57631-7
  • 9786613888761
  • 0-19-163309-7
  • 0-19-163308-9
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