In the name of the people : perpetrators of genocide in the reflection of their post-war prosecution in West Germany : the 'Euthanasia' and 'Aktion Reinhard' trial cases / by Dick de Mildt.

Mildt, Dirk Welmoed de, 1957- [Browse]
The Hague ; London : Martinus Nijhoff, ©1996.
x, 442 pages ; 25 cm


Summary note
"In the Name of the People explores the profile of the perpetrators of Nazi genocide as reflected in postwar German trial sentences. It investigates their social background, their 'route to crime', and their role in the Nazi extermination apparatus. In addition, it studies the postwar prosecution of these genocidal criminals in West Germany. It describes and analyses the obstacles, 'bottlenecks' and omissions in the prosecuting policies and presents their statistical record. It examines the way in which postwar German courts dealt with these criminals by an in-depth study of the trial sentences against two specific groups of genocidal perpetrators: the 'Euthanasia' and 'Aktion Reinhard' killers. Through a scrutiny of the argumentation of the various courts' sentences in these cases, it presents a detailed picture of the grounds for acquittal, conviction and punishment. It discusses the controversial differentiation of 'murder' and 'complicity in murder' with regard to these genocidal perpetrators and highlights the ways in which the courts handled complicated questions, such as acting under superior orders, duress, and coercion." "The study is intended for a readership consisting of historians, sociologists, criminologists, legal experts and others interested in the 'fieldworkers' and modus operandi of the Nazi genocide and Germany's postwar judicial reaction to it."--BOOK JACKET.
Bibliographic references
Includes bibliographical references (p.410-426) and indexes.
  • Introduction. The Logic of Evil
  • Ch. 1. Prosecution of Nazi Criminals in West Germany
  • 1.1. Accounting for Genocide: The Record of Post-War Prosecution in the Federal Republic of Germany
  • 1.2. Accounting of Genocide: Trial Sentences as Historical Source
  • Ch. 2. 'Euthanasia'
  • 2.1. 'Euthanasia' Aktion: Chronology, Organization and Practice
  • 2.3. Managers of Mass Death
  • 2.4. Heroes and Villains: The 'Mercy Killing' Doctors
  • 2.5. Lower Echelons
  • Ch. 3. 'Aktion Reinhard'
  • 3.1. From 'Euthanasia' to the 'Final Solution': 'The Application of Acquired Expertise
  • 3.2. Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka: 'T 4' and the 'Aktion Reinhard'
  • 3.3. Blanks at Nuremberg
  • 3.4. Stumbling into the Judicial Limelight: Hirtreiter and Friends
  • 3.5. Late Redress of Missed Opportunities: The Treblinka, Belzec and Sobibor Trials
  • 3.6. Trial Against Franz Stangl
  • Ch. 4. Final Observations and Conclusions
  • 4.1. Company of Hangmen
  • 4.2. Perspectives from the Court Room: The Flexibility of In Dubio Pro Reo. Appendix A.I. Statistics on German citizens sentenced by West-German courts from 1945 up to January 1992 for war-time participation in Nazi crimes
  • Appendix A.II. Persons sentenced during the period 1945-1950
  • Appendix A.III. Trial cases specified by criminal category 1945-1993
  • Appendix B.I. Survey of sentences concerning 'Euthanasia' trial cases included in the 'Justiz und NS-Verbrechen'-collection
  • Appendix B.II. Survey of sentences concerning 'Aktion Reinhard' trial cases included in the 'Justiz und NS-Verbrechen'-collection.
  • 9041101853
  • 9789041101853
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