[Blood-letting calendar for Augsburg, 1472. Latin].

Format
Book
Language
Latin
Published/​Created
Augsburg : Günther Zainer, [1471? for] 1472.
Description
1 broadside ; 43 x 29.4 cm. (Chancery sheet)

Details

Subject(s)
PhlebotomyCalendarsEarly works to 1800 [Browse]
Printer
Bookseller
Library of Congress genre
Calendars [Browse]
Summary note
Günther Zainer's bloodletting calendar for the year 1472, of which this is one of three recorded copies, is the first example of German printing using Roman rather than Gothic type. Zainer's colophon includes the unusual phrase "ne italo cedere videamur" (lest we seem to give primacy to the Italian) which probably alludes to this use of a type based on Italian humanist bookhands. By this date dozens of Venetian editions printed in Roman type had been published, and copies imported into Germany. Bloodletting calendars listed days appropriate for bloodletting, and for administering medicines and laxatives, according to the age, parts of the body affected, and temperament (“humor”) of the patient. The days were chosen according to the phases of the moon, and so a table was added giving the dates and times of the New Moon (Conjunctio) and of the Full Moon (Oppositio) for each month. In Zainer's Calendar, the identification of the months, beginning Februarii rather than Januarii, has gone astray. The actual dates of the new and full moons consistently belong rather to the preceding month. The line “Embolismi” after Nouembris means “interpolated,” referring to the fact that in 1472 there were thirteen new moons, with two falling in November.
Notes
Text in Latin.
Provenance
Provenance: acquired April, 1998.
References
  • VE 15 A-153
  • C 2170.
  • BMC II 316 (IC.5430).
  • GW 1293.
  • Einblattdrucke 119.
Other title(s)
  • Almanach auf das Jahr 1472.
  • Aderlasskalender.
  • Laxierkalender.
Other views
Staff view

Supplementary Information