Expositio regulae Santi Benedicti / Jocobus de Voragine.

Torquemada, Juan de, 1388-1468 [Browse]
Uniform title
  • Manuscript, Book
[Clairvaux, France] : [producer not identifiedi], [1485]
1 volume (ii, 181, ii leaves) : parchment, illustrations ; 34 cm


Related name
  • Title from printed catalog.
  • Script: Bâtarde. The text of the Regula Benedicti is written in larger script and the commentary in smaller script. The scribe wrote in a Cursiva formata script that is very similar to Bâtarde, but without the right-facing serif of the letter d. James J. John described the script as “formal Gothic cursive (almost Burgundian).”
  • Decoration: Fol. 1r: 13-line historiated initial R (“Reverendissimo”) with full foliate border, which depicts the Virgin Mary (dressed in blue, red, and gold) with five wounds, holding the Christ child (no cross in halo), attended by youth in contemporary dress with a spear. The five wounds on the Virgin's head and neck do not correspond to the Five Sacred Wounds of Christ and may refer to the Virgin's sorrows. Also on fol. 1r are the arms of Cambron (gules, tree with six fishes, with inscription in gold) executed in gold. Fol. 2v: An 11-line historiated initial A (“Absculta”) depicts St. Benedict giving his Rule to a Benedictine monk, with a full foliate border, for the beginning of chapter 2 (the beginning of the Benedictine Rule). Remaining chapters decorated with 3-line initials, alternating between blue letters with red penwork and red letters with blue penwork extending into margins.
Binding note
England, 19th century. Black morocco over pasteboard. Bound by John Clarke and Francis Bedford (1800-1884) and stamped “Clarke & Bedford” on the verso of the first front flyleaf.
Garrett MS. 91 was commissioned by Peter of Virey (approximately 1425-1506), abbot of the Cistercian Abbey of Clairvaux, according to the colophon of 6 April 1485 on fol. 178v. Peter had manuscripts produced and illuminated for himself, the abbey, and others. Robert Garrett (1875-1961), of Baltimore, Maryland, Class of 1897, purchased the manuscript from the New York antiquarian bookseller Ernest Dressel North, who probably represented him at the Sturdivant sale. Garrett's gift to the Princeton University Library, 1942.
Source acquisition
Gift of Robert Garrett, 1942.
Medieval & Renaissance manuscripts in the Princeton University Library, volume 1, pages 192-194.
Cite as
Garrett MS. 91, Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library.
Other views
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Supplementary Information