Toward Great Dhaka: A New Urban Development Paradigm Eastward / Julia Bird.

Bird, Julia [Browse]
Washington, D.C. : The World Bank, 2018.
1 online resource (180 pages)


Summary note
A unique strategic opportunity beckons Bangladesh. Dhaka, the economic powerhouse of the country,stands on the cusp of a dramatic transformation that could make it much more prosperous and livable.Today, Dhaka is prone to flooding, congestion, and messiness, to a point that is clogging its growth. Buttoward its east, where two major highway corridors will one day intersect, is a vast expanse of largely ruralland. And much of it is within 6 kilometers of the most valuable parts of the city.The time to make the most of this eastward opportunity is now. Many parts of East Dhaka are already beingdeveloped in a haphazard way at an alarmingly rapid pace. Private developers are buying land and filling itwith sand so they can build and sell new houses and apartments. Canals and ponds are disappearing, andthe few narrow roads crossing the area are being encroached by construction. This spontaneousdevelopment could soon make East Dhaka look like the messy western part of the city, and retrofitting it laterwill be more difficult and costlier than properly planning and developing it now.Toward Great Dhaka: A New Urban Development Paradigm Eastward seeks to analyze how the opportunity ofEast Dhaka could be realized. Using state-of-the-art modeling techniques, the study simulates population,housing, economic activity, and commuting times across the 266 unions that constitute Greater Dhaka. Itdoes so under various scenarios for the development of East Dhaka, but always assessing the implicationsfor the entire city.The simulations suggest that pursuing a strategic approach to the development of East Dhaka would makeGreater Dhaka a much more productive and livable city than continuing with business as usual. Based oncurrent trends, Greater Dhaka would have a population of 25 million in 2035 and an income per capita of USD 8,000 at 2015 prices. However, embracing a strategic approach would add 5 million people to the city.And, it would be a more productive city, with nearly 1.8 million more jobs and an income per capita of morethan USD 9,200 at 2015 prices, enough to put Dhaka on the map of global cities.
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